Toto je nový kurz Jazykového centra FF UK zaměřený na rozvoj kompetence akademického psaní. Kurz je určen pro studenty a studentky bakalářských oborů Filozofické fakulty.
Vznik tohoto kurzu byl podpořen v rámci projektu Projekt pro zvýšení kvality vzdělávání UK a jeho relevance pro potřeby trhu práce. (CZ.02.2.69/0.0./16_015/0002362)
Toto dílo podléhá licenci Creative Commons Uveďte původ-Neužívejte komerčně-Nezpracovávejte 4.0 Mezinárodní License.
Lead-In: What was your last encounter with the English language like?
Did you read a text? If so, what kind of text?
Did you listen to spoken English? Where? What type of speech was it?
How would you describe the language? Take notes if necessary.
Task 1 for class: Try to say more about the language you read/heard. Work in pairs or small groups.
Task 2: Read the selected sample texts. Define the typical features of each of them.
Please complete the task at home.
In this text, you'll learn about different writing styles used in different languages.
Please bring the text to class.
Source: University of Rochester. Writing, Speaking, and Argument Program.
Available from: https://writing.rochester.edu/
Task 3: Different Writing Styles
Task 4: Identify the typical features of spoken and written language.
Decide which phrases are more likely to be examples of spoken and which of written language.
Write an S to those which are spoken and a W to those which are written.
Source: Crystal, D. The Encyclopedia of the English Language (Second Ed.). Cambridge: CUP, 2003. Macpherson, R. Základy anglické stylistiky. Praha: Academia, 1997.
How much do you know about academic writing? Find out by doing this fun quiz!
In this exercise you will get more familiar with the style and structure of popular science articles.
Please bring this material to class.
Academic writing is a specific genre.
Look at the ten crucial principles and try to integrate them in your writing practice.
Read the tips for writing a letter of motivation. Which one(s) do you find helpful?
Have you ever written a cover letter in English?
Watch this video. Which piece of advice do you find helpful? Did you follow similar guidelines in your writing?
Source: British Council. English for Academics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014. Module 4 Writing, Unit 1, p 132-134.
A paragraph is a group of sentences about a single topic. Together, the sentences of the paragraph explain the writer's main idea (the most important idea) about the topic. In academic writing, a paragraph is often between five and ten sentences long. The first sentences of a paragraph is usually indented (moved in) a few spaces.
topic sentence - gives the main idea about the topic, tells us what the paragraph is about, usually the first sentence in a paragraph
supporting sentences - develop the idea expressed in the topic sentence; give details, give an explanation, give an example
concluding sentence - may or may not appear in a paragraph, usually the last sentence, summarizes what has been written in the paragraph or restates the main idea
Source: Zemach, D. E., Rumisek, L. A. Academic Writing. From Paragraph to Essay. L. A.: Macmillan Education, 2005.
Read the explanation of what is a topic sentence and why it is important for your writing.
See the analysis of the structure of a paragraph.
Practice what you have learned about the structure of a paragrpah.
Complete the worksheet.
Instructions to working with the worksheet
When writing an essay you wil be asked to express your opinion.
Use the worksheet below to practice.
First, try to define a fact and an opinion.
Guidelines for thinking: What is the difference? How do we know it from the language which is used to express either of them?
In the exercise focused on grammar, decide which modal verbs can be used to express a strong opinion about something, to give advice (strongly), to present suggestions.
Also, when writing an academic text you may need to compare things according to some criteria.
Using the worksheet below you will practice language devices to compare and contrast.
If you need to revise grammar, see the two documents below.
This is a worksheet focused on various features of selected types of paragraphs.
Source: Hopkins, D., Cullen, P., Grammar for IELTS, CUP
If you feel like you need to learn more about the use of modal verbs to express necessity, obligation or to give advice and present suggestions, study this material.
Please prepare exercise 3.
Here you will find the answers to the task on comparison.
An appropriate use of collocations increases your level of English.
Learn more in this study material.
Read the list of collocations commonly used in academic writing.
Use eight collocations of your choice from the list in sentences about your subject of study.
Nominalisation is a common feature of academic writing in English.
In order to learn more, bring this material to class for further discussion.
Cohesion is an important feature of academic writing.
Cohesion is the grammatical and lexical linking within a text or sentence that holds a text together and gives it meaning. It is related to the broader concept of coherence. A cohesive text is created in many different ways.
Watch a short lecture on cohesion by John Kotnarowski, English language fellow from the Academic Writing University Centre of the National University for Science and Technology in Moscow.
What do you know about a summary?
Answer the questions below.
Source: British Council. English for Academics. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2014. Module 4 Writing, Unit 2, p 142-146.
You can start your summary with this sentence.
In the article 'Title of the Article' by 'Name of the Author', the author writes that 'the main idea of the article.'
Divide the following verbs into categories.
This is the worksheet for the lesson focused on the structure of an essay.
Do you know how to write a good essay in English?
Learn more from the recommendations compiled by Marek Kiczkowiak, available from https://teflreflections.wordpress.com.
This is the worksheet for the lesson focused on essay writing.
Please see also the overview of linking words in the Language Bank.
This is a link to the Academic Phrasebank compiled by the University of Manchester.
This is an overview of linking words compiled by Viv Quarry, a teacher of English.
See this presentation to learn about the use of commas in coordination sentences.
See the use of commas in adverbial, nominal and relative sentences
Blacking out. (TLS, 2018)
Behind the Kidnapping Case That Inspired ‘Lolita’ (The New York Times, 2018)
Between hope and despair A tour around Eastern Europe (TLS, 2018, p. 44 - 45)
Exercises in Style (French: Exercices de style), written by Raymond Queneau, is a collection of 99 retellings of the same story, each in a different style. In each, the narrator gets on the "S" bus (now no. 84), witnesses an altercation between a man (a zazou) with a long neck and funny hat and another passenger, and then sees the same person two hours later at the Gare St-Lazare getting advice on adding a button to his overcoat. The literary variations recall the famous 33rd chapter of the 1512 rhetorical guide by Desiderius Erasmus, Copia: Foundations of the Abundant Style.
Have you completed the tasks given to you?
Insert your answer here (PRAVDA = TRUE, NEPRAVDA = FALSE).
Practice reading by completing this IELTS preparation task.
Zoom MeetingTopic: Academic English R and W - online sessionTime: May 7, 2020 02:00 PM BudapestJoin Zoom Meetinghttps://lfp-cuni.zoom.us/j/92063926751?pwd=VUp1ZG12aUFDOS9Ibkc5U29aekNOUT09Meeting ID: 920 6392 6751Password: 105603
You should spend about 20 minutes reading the text and answering the questions.
Read the text and answer the questions.
You'll need to rotate this scanned file. I had tried hard to change the layout and it simply didn't work.
Complete the exercises 4 and 5.
Optional speaking exrecise: In exrecise 7, choose one question and answer it. Record your answer using your phone or another device. It will give you an opportunity to hear yourself speaking English. If you want me to comment on your answer, send it to me by email.
Again you'll need to rotate the file.