This course will take upon the uneasy topic of modern military history (1945-), written using the oral history methodology. All current and recent studies have been struggling with a difficult task to soundly interconnect the individual combat experience with collective memory and collective representations of war. We will approach this central problem from several perspectives: the official narrative, spread by various armies and army institutions, the native´s point of view – the experience of those who suffered from war, invasion and occupation – the view of combatants themselves – the people who actively engage in armed conflict – and finally the view of post-war generations, trying to cope with gruesome experience of the past: war victims, their children, but also war veterans and anti-war activists.
General obligatory reading:
Lynn Abrams, Oral History Theory. Routledge: New York, 2010.
T. G. Ashplant, Graham Dawson and Michael Roper, The Politics of War Memory and Commemoration. Routledge: London and New York, 2000.
Martin Evans, “Opening up the battlefield: War studies and the cultural turn”, Journal of War and Culture Studies 1/1 (2008), 47-51.
Obligatory reading for eacht topic (book chapters) will be determined during the opening lesson.
Miki Ward Crawford, Katie Kaori Hayashi a Shizuko Suenaga, eds. Japanese War Brides in America – An Oral History. Praeger: Oxford, 2010.
Martin S. Alexander, Martin Evans, J. F. V. Keiger (eds.), The Algerian War and the French Army, 1954–62: Experiences, Images, Testimonies. Palgrave Macmillan: New York, 2002.
Donald J. Raleigh, Soviet Baby Boomers. An Oral history of Russia´s Cold War Generation. Oxford University Press: Oxford, 2012.
Angela Campos, Conscripted Generation: An Oral History of the Portuguese Colonial War. Palgrave Macmillan: Cham, 2017.
Susana Kaiser, Postmemories of Terror. A New Generation copes with the Legacy of the „Dirty War“. Palgrave Macmillan: New York, 2005.
Hugh McManners, Forgotten Voices of the Falklands. Ebury Press: London, 2007. ...The text will be available in the faculty library soon enough before the start of the winter semester.
William C. Wohlforth, Cold War Endgame: Oral History, Analyses, Debates. Pennsylvania State University Press: University Park (Pennsylvania), 2003.
Alexander von Plato. The End of the Cold War? Bush, Kohl, Gorbachev and the Reunification of Germany. Palgrave Macmillan: New York, 2015.
Christopher N. Koontz, Enduring Voices: Oral Histories of the U.S. Army Experience in Afghanistan, 2003–2005. Center of Military History, United States Army: Washington, 2008.
Carl Mirra, Soldiers and Citizens. An Oral History of Operation Iraqi Freedom from the Battlefield to the Pentagon. Palgrave Macmillan, New York, 2008.
Mike Martin, An Intimate War. An Oral History of the Helmland Conflict 1978-2012. Oxford University Press: Oxford, 2014