## Weekly outline

• ### Quantitative methods setup and materials

• Install package Tidyverse in R using the command (see Wickham and Grolemund 2017: xvi):

install.packages("tidyverse")

Check if the installation was successful and load the package into R:

library(tidyverse)

• ## install necessary packages
install.packages("remotes")
remotes::install_github("rstudio/learnr")
remotes::install_github("ellaudet/dsslearnr")

## open practice exercises for chapter 1 of DSS
learnr::run_tutorial("01-introduction", package = "dsslearnr")


• ### Concepts and Measures

• You will work with 14 Czech administrative units - "kraje".

It is often argued that socio-economic frustration leads to vote for far-left or far-right parties. Lets asume that economic frustration (at a regional level) has three components - Unemployment, Average Salary, Low Education (education lower than high school "Matura").

Provide at least three alternative operationalizations agregating the above mentioned components. Explain briefly the logic behind their construction and try to ilustrate the diference in output classification (measurement) produced by alternative operationalizations. Try to briefly defend which operationalization is the best.

In the next step try to conceptualize and operationalize "far-(right/lef)" political party. In this case the eventual classification must be binary (0; 1).

Then, take the data from 2021 and measure "kraje" according to the economic frustration, and measure/classify political parties participating in the elections (with more than 1,5 %).

Plot the putative cause (econ. frustration) against the putative effect (share of far-left/right parties).

Provide a brief evaluation of the putative relationship.

Hand in as a PDF (title page and the text with inserted tables adn charts) plus Excel (tables with calculations and charts + you may want to use the fisrt list as a codebook).

• ### Building a database

• Database: COVID impact

Your task is to build a dataset containing (i) GDP growth predicitions of the European Commision (EC) for the EU countries (including the UK) for 2020 and 2021 as issued just before the COVID (Feb ´20), (ii) current estimates of the actual GDP growth in 2020 and predictions for 2021 (EC - Feb ´21). Add to this dataset the pre-covid values for three marco-economic indicators: (a) GDP per capita (constant), (b) (total) GDP, (c) Gross Governmental Debt (for 2019). Find the data for the macroeconomic indicators in IMF WEO database (use April 2020 edition).

Calculate the Covid related GDP loss - as % (2019 = 100) for 2020 and 2021. For this task lets assume that the pre-COVID predictions would have been perfect (if there was not COVID).

Try to plot all the variables, It is possible that some have extremely skewed distribution - in that case, use log or any other appropriate transformation.

Hand in as a single excel document (dont forget to include a fine codebook sheet)

• ### Analytical description

• Our research often starts with a descriptive inquiry that may identify some interesting patterns for further research.

Your (GROUP) task will be to prepare a short report on the COVID-impact on the EU (+UK) economies.

1) Introduce briefly the state of the EU members economies just before the COVID (end of 2019/early2020. Support your argument with a table and a chart (might containg more than one data serie).

2) Describe briefly the COVID-induced GDP loss over 2020 for EU economies (UK included). DOnt describe all the countries, rather focus on the general trend (within-EU variance might be interesting here) + the extreme (or otherwise interesting) cases. Support your description with a table and a chart.

3) This leads us to ask a logical question - what is behind the differences in COVID induced GDP loss. SO in the third section look at the possible relationship among the GDP-loss (dependent variable) and (i) the Debt (Gross govern. debt), (ii) GDP per capita, Covid-Deaths for 2020 (see WHO for the data), (iv) Democracy. Given the nature of this task, your inquiry here should be centered on charts (simply plot and compare the putative relationships). Provide a brief evaluation of the visual inspection - which factors seems to be most promissing for further research.

(iv) provide a brief conclusion

Dont forget the formal requirements.

Hand in as a word/pdf (text + the tables and charts), and an excel (data from which you will prepare your report)

• ### Mixed methods

How to select cases from a larger population or from a statistical model.