The aim of understanding socialist cultural utopia is presented by fundamental cultural aspects of the Yugoslav and Czechoslovak cultural policy from the beginning of IIWW until the fall of Iron Curtain including last years of the 20th century. Various aspects of cultural life in Yugoslavia and Czechoslovakia will be presented by overarching perspective of selected authors and artists. Chronologically summarized change of identities in specific cultural environment based on Soviet pattern of intertwined culture and policy. The focus on a contradiction of day-to-day life and socialist political normative presented by short films, sculptures and applied arts. It will be based on analysis of selected visual aesthetics in cinematography, literature, architecture, performing and visual arts.