What makes an education system equitable and which school is fair? Why educational inequalities (e.g. social class, gender) persist over time unchanged and what is the role of schools and states in tackling these inequalities and social exclusion? How could we measure such elusive concepts as justice, fairness and equity? Is the purpose of schooling to provide all students with a common socialization or is it to differentiate students for varied future? Shall we teach students to cooperate with each other or to compete? In this course we are going to discuss and look for answers to these questions based on the research findings and in international comparison. Besides learning extensively on issues of equity in education, following this course you will learn also about methodology of educational research and you will get to know more familiar with education systems worldwide (comparison will be based mainly on developed OECD member countries). Erasmus students from various countries are warmly welcomed to sign for this course.