One of the important features of contemporary society is that it produces a large amount of self-descriptions; by the words of Niklas Luhmann, the modern society is an intensively self-observing and self-reporting system. The aim of this course is to provide students with knowledge of relatively broad issues of methods of analysis of these self-descriptions, which are mainly texts in their nature (media texts, biographic narratives, conversations, open-ended questions in questionnaires, expert discourse texts etc.). The successful student will become fluent in the vocabulary of narrative, discursive, content, and computer-assisted text analyses and bring those tools to bear on various kinds of texts.
- Text, Narrative & Discourse Analysis
- Week 1 (20.2.): Introductory class
Rationale for the course. What we will learn. Organization of the course.
- Week 2 (27.2.): A text - the key concepts
What is a text? Definition, key features. Transtextual relations: intertextuality and its levels, paratext, hypertext, metatext. Cotext and context. Multimodality. Discourse. Semiotics.
- Week 3 (5.3.): Levels of text analysis 1
Operative and cooperative reading. Three levels of text analysis: lexemes (words), sentences, discourse (text macrostructures). Keyword, code, lemma; co-location, co-occurrence, concordance (KWIC). Two models of communication. Discourse: utterances and macrostructures.
- Week 4 (12.3.): Levels of text analysis 2
Keyword, code, lemma; co-location, co-occurrence, concordance (KWIC). Two models of communication. Discourse: utterances and macrostructures.
- Week 5 (19.3.): Narrative analysis 1
Why study narratives? What are narratives? Minimal and elaborated definition of narrative. Realist and constructivist modes of analysis. Structural, hermeneutic, and interactionist approaches.
- Week 6 (26.3.): Narrative analysis 2
Structural & hermeneutic approaches. Invariant structures, a narrative morphology, the actantial model. Narrative and free clauses. Structure of an oral narrative (abstract, orientation, complication, evaluation, result, coda). Referential and evaluative funaction of narrative.
- Week 7 (2.4.): Narrative analysis 3
Hermeneutic approach. Threefold mimesis (pre-figuration, con-figuration, re-figuration). Methodological implications. Interactionist and network approaches. A narrative as a speech event. The joint construction of a narrative. Social contexts of narrating. Story grammar. Semantic triplets. Networks in a narrative.
- Week 8 (9.4.): The Dean's Day
- Week 9 (16.4.): Discourse analysis 1
Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA). Social theory of language. Three-dimensional model of discourse: textual, discursive, and social practice.
- Week 10 (23.4.): Discourse analysis 2
Discourse as language in action. Agency/structure. Foucauldian discourse analysis: statements, discursive formation, and discourse.
- Week 11 (30.4.): Discourse analysis 3
Why conversation. Gricean conversational pragmatics. Cooperative principle. Conversational maxims. Implicatures. Formal structures of conversation. Turn-taking.
- Week 12 (7.5.): Individual consultation of term papers
Individual consultation of a topic and method used in the term paper. Interested students should email me.
- Week 13 (14.5.): Performativity of Text and Discourse