One of the important features of contemporary society is that it produces a large amount of self-descriptions; by the words of Niklas Luhmann, the modern society is an intensively self-observing and self-reporting system. The aim of this course is to provide students with knowledge of relatively broad issues of methods of analysis of these self-descriptions, which are mainly texts in their nature (media texts, biographic narratives, conversations, open-ended questions in questionnaires, expert discourse texts etc.). The successful student will become fluent in the vocabulary of narrative, discursive, content, and computer-assisted text analyses and bring those tools to bear on various kinds of texts.
Rationale for the course. What we will learn. Organization of the course.
What is a text? Definition, key features. Transtextual relations: intertextuality and its levels, paratext, hypertext, metatext. Cotext and context. Multimodality. Discourse. Semiotics.
Operative and cooperative reading. Three levels of text analysis: lexemes (words), sentences, discourse (text macrostructures). Keyword, code, lemma; co-location, co-occurrence, concordance (KWIC). Two models of communication. Discourse: utterances and macrostructures.
Keyword, code, lemma; co-location, co-occurrence, concordance (KWIC). Two models of communication. Discourse: utterances and macrostructures.
Why study narratives? What are narratives? Minimal and elaborated definition of narrative. Realist and constructivist modes of analysis. Structural, hermeneutic, and interactionist approaches.
Structural & network approaches. Invariant structures, a narrative morphology, the actantial model. Narrative and free clauses. Structure of oral narrative (abstract, orientation, complication, evaluation, result, coda). Referential and evaluative functions of the narrative.
Story grammar. Semantic triplets. Networks in/of narratives.
Hermeneutic approach. Threefold mimesis (pre-figuration, con-figuration, re-figuration). Methodological implications. Interactionist and network approaches. A narrative as a speech event. The joint construction of a narrative. Social contexts of narrating.
Individual consultations via online chat.
Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA). Social theory of language. Three-dimensional model of discourse: textual, discursive, and social practice.
Foucauldian discourse analysis (FDA). Order and rules of discourse. Composition of discourse: statements, discursive formation, and discourse. Example of FDA.
Why conversation. Gricean conversational pragmatics. Cooperative principle. Conversational maxims. Implicatures. Formal structures of conversation. Turn-taking.
Online consultation of the topic and method for the term paper. Or any matters concerning examination (14. 5. 2020, 15:30 - 17:00)