Weekly outline

  • General

  • Introduction


    Online and personal participation in the course

    The program of the course

  • National Past, Historiography, and Historians

    Key Topics:

    Nationalism and Historiography. Creation of National Myths.

    Who are history makers? Role of historians and politicians in the history and myth-making process.


    John Coakley, "Mobilizing the Past: Nationalist Images of History,“ Nationalism and Ethnic Policies, 10(4), (2005), Pp. 531-560 (Taylor & Francis Database)

    Marlene Laruelle, "National narrative, ethnology, and academia in post-Soviet Uzbekistan. Journal of Eurasian Studies, 1 (2010), pp. 102-110.

    Daniel Woolf,  "Of Nations, Nationalism, and National Identity: Reflections on the Historiographic Organization of the Past", in: Q. Edward Wang & Franz Fillafer (eds.), The Many Faces of Clio Cross-Cultural Approaches to Historiography, New York: Berghahn Books (2006), pp. 71-103.

    The alternative to Woolf:

    Stephan Berger, Constructing the Nations through History. In: Stephan Berger and Christoph Conrad (eds.): The Past as History. National Identity and Historical Consciousness in Modern Europe. Palgrave Macmillan (2015), pp. 1-27.

  • National Past, Historiography, and Historians

    Key topics:

    Selected concepts of nation-building – primordialism, constructivism, imagined community, invented tradition


    Eric Hobsbawm, Inventing Traditions. In: Eric Hobsbawm and Terence Ranger. The Invention of Traditions, Cambridge University Press, 1983, pp. 1-15.

    Benedict Anderson, Imagined Communities. Verso, 2006, p. 67-82.  

  • Primordialism, Identity, Ethnicity, Ethnogenesis in the post-Soviet area

    Key topics:

    Primordialism constructions, Ethnicity and Ethnogenesis in post-Soviet Area. Why the post-Soviet Area is a paradise of primordialism?


    Victor A. Shnirelman, „Politics of Ethnogenesis in the USSR and after,“ Bulletin of the National Museum of Ethnology 30(1), (2005), pp: 93–119,

    Gregor R. Suny, Constructing Primordialism: Old Histories for New Nations. Journal of Modern History, Vol 73, Issue 4 (December 2001), pp. 862-896.

  • Construction of National Narratives in the Soviet times

    Key topics:

    Soviet national constructivism.

    Marrism and Marxist Historiography


    Yilmaz, Harun (2015). A Family Quarrel: Azerbaijani Historians against Soviet Iranologists, Iranian Studies, 48:5, 769-783.

    Marlene Laruelle, “The Concept of Ethnogenesis in Central Asia. Political Context and Institutional Mediators (1940-50),“ Kritika: Explorations in Russian and Eurasian History, 9 (1), (Winter 2008), pp. 169-188.

    Alternatively to Laruelle:

    Sergei Abashin, “Ethnogenesis and Historiography: Historical Narratives for Central Asia in the 1940s and 1950s”. In: Roland Cvetkovski and Alexis Hofmeister (eds.) An empire of others: Creating ethnographic knowledge in imperial Russia and the USSR. Central European University Press, 2014., 2014, pp. 145-68.

  • The Myth of Creation of the Nations

    Key topics:

    Ethnic and Civic nations concepts of the most ancient nations

    Who is the most ancient nation in the area? Why this factor matters?


    Victor A. Shnirelman, “Fostered primordialism: the identity and ancestry of the North Caucasian Turks in the Soviet and post-Soviet milieu.” In Tadayuki Hayashi (ed.) The Construction and Deconstruction of National Histories in Slavic Eurasia. Slavic Research Center, Hokkaido University (2003), pp. 53–86

    Smith, Graham – Law, Vivien – Wilson, Andrew – Bohr, Annette – Allworth Edward, “Nation-building in the Post-Soviet Borderlands,” Cambridge University Press, 2011, chapter 3

  • The Myth of the Golden Age

    Key topics: Why should the nation feel its greatness? National myth of the Golden Age. The connection of the Golden Age with contemporary times


    Marlene Laruelle, „The Return of the Aryan Myth: Tajikistan in Search of a Secularized Ideology,“ Nationalities Papers, 35(1), 2007, pp. 51-70 (Taylor & Francis Database).

    Batiashvili, Natia (2012). The “Myth” of the Self: The Georgian National Narratives and Quest for Georgianess. In: Memory and Political Change (Aleida Assmann, Shortt, Linda, eds.), Palgrave, Basingtone, pp. 186-200.

  • The Myth of Resistance: The Basmachi Movement and Anti-Colonial Struggle

    Key topics:

    The fight for independence, anti-colonial struggle in the past and today


    Martha B. Olcott, The Basmachi or Freemen's Revolt in Turkestan 1918-1924, Soviet Studies, Vol. 33, Issue 3 (July 1981), pp. 352-369

    Slavomir Horák, „The Battle of Göktepe in the Turkmen post-Soviet historical discourse,“ Central Asian Survey. October 14, 2014.

    Aurélie Campana, „Collective Memory and Violence: The Use of Myths in the Chechen Separatist Ideology, 1991–1994,“ Journal of Muslim Minority Affairs,  29(1), (2009), pp. 43-56. (Taylor & Francis Database)

  • National Historiography, Élite Ideology, and Nation-Building in Central Asia

    Key topics:

    Current regimes place in history and history in the current regimes

    Erica Marat, “Imagined Past, Uncertain Future The Creation of National Ideologies in Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan,” Problems of Post-Communism, Vol. 55, No. 1 (January-February 2008), p. 12-24.

    Bouma, A.: Turkmenistan: Epics in Place of Historiography. Jahrbücher für Geschichte Osteuropas. Vol. 59 (2011), Issue 4, p. 559-585.

    March, A.: The Use and Abuse of History: ‘National Ideology’ as Transcendental Object in Islam Karimov's ‘Ideology of National Independence’. Central Asian Survey, Vol. 21, Issue 4, 2002, p. 371-384 (Taylor&Francis Database)

  • Language, Identity and Nationalism

    Key Topics:

    Why language matters within nation- and state-building?


    Smith, Graham – Law, Vivien – Wilson, Andrew – Bohr, Annette – Allworth Edward, “Nation-building in the Post-Soviet Borderlands,” Cambridge University Press, 2011, chapters 8-9

    Ayşegül Aydingün, Creating, recreating and redefining ethnic identity: Ahiska/Meskhetian Turks in Soviet and post-Soviet contexts, Central Asian Survey, Vol. 21 (2002), Issue 2, pp. 185-197.


    Czech language question in the Austro-Hungarian empire (Tomáš)

  • Cultural heritage and national identity in Central Asia

    Levin, Jonathan: From Nomad to Nation: On the Construction of National Identity Through Contested Cultural Heritage in the Former Soviet Republics of Central Asia.

    Djumaev, Alexander: Musical Heritage and National Identity in Uzbekistan. Journal of Ethnomusicology Forum. Vol.14, 2005. Issue 2.

    Textiles as national heritage: Identities, politics and material culture. Book Review. Shanon Ludington, pages 295-297, Central Asian Survey, Vol. 38, 2019, Issue 2.


    Cultural Heritage in Brasil (Deise)

  • The Myth of de facto states and nations: The Karabakh Conflict

    Key Topics:

    Non- recognized states and their right to create their own histories


    Emil Souleimanov, Understanding Ethnopolitical Conflict, (Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan, 2013), pp. 51-70; 101-104.

    Takayuki Yoshimura, „Some Arguments on the Nagorno-Karabakh History“. Central Eurasian Studies Occassional Papers, Vol. 18 (2007), pp. 52-60.

    Ceylen Tokluoglu, "The Political Discourse of the Azerbaijani Elite on the Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict (1991–2009)." Europe-Asia Studies Vol. 63 (2011), Issue 7, pp. 1223-1252.